Companion Planting to Improve your Gardening



Growing your own fruits and vegetables is a great way to get healthy food and have fun in the process. Whether you are a first-time gardener or a master, knowing what to plant, where to plant it, and in what quantities will all combine to create a successful garden. Additional elements to consider include whether to use raised beds, what items you may want to grow from seed, and what items you might want to transplant.

Space is the name of the game when it comes to plotting out your garden. How big your garden will be is determined first and foremost by the available space you have to devote to it. The second issue to consider is how much food you will likely use during the growing season, as well as any you might want to can, freeze or dehydrate for the winter months.

Raised beds or not??

Another aspect of planning a garden is whether to plant in raised garden beds or use the row garden technique, the latter being the most common. While raised beds may be easier to contain and manage in some respects, individual plant volume is more easily facilitated by the 18-inch-apart rows that are home to single file plants.

A Detailed Companion Chart

This chart lists individual plants with an x for those to keep apart and a circle for those that should be planted together. On the right side of the chart is a list of insect pests and plants that will repel them.    Detailed companion planting and insect repellents

Tall or Short and where to Plant them

As a rule, taller and vining plants such as tomatoes, pole beans, and corn should be planted at the north end or rear of your garden, with smaller plants such as radishes, onions, carrots, and beets occupying the south or front end of the garden.  Find a shady corner for leaf lettuce, kale, collards and other leafy greens that really appreciate some protection from the sun.


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